of the American West. Miners demanded secureproperty rights and protection from violence to exploit the region'smineral wealth. In the model, miners must divide their labor betweenmining and supporting property rights institutions. The main predictionof the model is that cooperation in property Pharrell Human Race Nmd Red rights enforcement emergesonly when social norms of cooperation are sufficiently widespread. Themodel also predicts that social norms are less effective in miningcamps with large populations or high labor productivity. I test thesepredictions against detailed evidence from the letters, diaries, andreminiscences of miners in 25 camps in California, Colorado, andMontana and find that the evidence supports the predictions. Theresults show that social norms can significantly lower the costs ofcollective action in large groups.
Keywords: Cooperation; Collective action; Social norms; Property rights; Large groups; Mining camps; American West
AbstractThe sources of cooperation in smallgroups are well documented. There is, however, less understanding aboutcooperation in large groups. I study the enforcement of property rightsin the mining camps James Harden Adidas Line
Dept. of Economic Historypresented at the Social Science History Association conference, Miami23 26 October 2008, Session: Time and the Nature of Agrarian Change.
Explaining agricultural growth. The case of Sweden 1700 1850.
Mats Olsson and Patrick Svensson
the State." Social Forces 86:77 112.
Lee, Cheol Sung, Francois Nielsen, and Arthur S. Alderson. 2007. "Income Inequality, Global Economy and Blue Adidas Originals High Tops
freeholders produced more per area unit than tenants on Crown and noble land. Secure property rights among self owners together with rising prices and fixed taxes promoted investments in crop production. For those peasants that were tenants under the nobility, rising rents and the threat of eviction prevented such immense investments.
Differences in production were of course due to farm size and natural conditions. Large farms produced more than small farms and farms in the plains produced more than farms situated in more forested areas of the region. However, it is when we control for these factors that we reveal the most interesting differences in production achievements. First, property rights mattered; Black Hardens
Adidas Harden Volume 1 Ice
Nike Men Sweaters
Nike Leggings With Pockets
Nike T-shirt Black
Adidas For Girls High Tops
Adidas Duramo Elite
Adidas Women's Energy Boost Neutral Running Shoes
Adidas Human Race Nmd Pink
Adidas James Harden Boost
Adidas High Tops For Men
Nike Sports Bra Green
Human Race Nmd Black Yellow
Adidas Duramo Running
Adidas Women's Energy Boost